What is Head and Neck Cancer?

If you have ever wondered about head and neck carcinoma, you might be a little confused as to its symptoms. Here are some details to help you understand the disease as well as your treatment options. Surgery is the best treatment for most types of neck and head cancer. Surgery is used to remove cancerous cells. This procedure can be difficult in some cases, especially if there is cancer in the larynx. This could cause the patient to lose their ability to speak. In some cases, the cervical lymph nodes may also be removed to stop the spread of the disease.

Treatment

Although most types of neck and head cancer can be treated when caught early, there are some that cannot. Treatments for head and neck carcinomas usually involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both. Radiation therapy and surgery may be used in the most severe cases. Treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer, where it first appeared, and the spread of the disease. A specialist nurse will help you understand the treatments available.

Symptoms

You might be wondering if you have head or neck cancer if you are noticing signs and symptoms. You should consult a doctor to rule other medical conditions out. Because the symptoms of neck and head cancer are different for everyone, it is important to get checked by a doctor. These are some of the most common signs and symptoms of neck and head cancer. These signs should be reported to your doctor immediately.

Diagnosis

There are three types of head and neck cancer. Stage I and II cancers have a small spread and are not likely to spread beyond the original tumor site. Stage III and IV cancers have spread to lymph nodes around the original site. These larger, more advanced tumors may be incurable, but may still be treated to reduce symptoms. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy depending on the stage.

Treatment options

There are many treatments available for neck and head cancer. The goal is to shrink the cancer by slowing down or stopping its growth. Immunotherapy drugs are also available, which block the growth and spread of tumor cells. Palliative care is an option for patients with advanced head and neck cancer. This will help to manage symptoms and prolong their lives. Immunotherapy drugs are not a cure. This treatment is used only when the cancer is not curable with other treatments.

Populations at risk for head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer can be caused by many factors, including socioeconomic status. Although tobacco and alcohol use have been shown to increase the risk of head and neck cancer, there are other risk factors, such as poor oral health and genetic factors. A study in the United States showed that men who are low in socioeconomic status are more likely to develop oral cancer. The study looked at socioeconomic conditions at both the individual and community levels.

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